Journal ID : CJOHNS-11-11-2023-11415
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 09]

Title : Actions based on evidence to fight against neonatal mortality, international and national data: a meta-analysis.

Abstract :

An estimated 15 million infants born prematurely each year, complications preterm birth are leading cause of neonatal mortality (NM). 247 articles in databases: (Scopus, Elsevier, PubMed, Google Scholar and other). From data obtained, in 2016 the burden of stillbirth, pre-exit or NNM varied between 23 to 129/1000 births in Moroccan and Benin hospitals. Perinatal fatalities were the most common NNM, but unlike NM occurred before discharge, most NM occurred near death in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Morocco (63%, 81%, 71%, respectively). In 2023, in Morocco there were cases of NNM. Factors in women that were significant predictors of NNM. In 2017 in Kenya, highest odds of neonatal deaths were among neonates whose mothers did not attend any antenatal care visits. In 2023, in Ghana, human resource factors, were more likely to affect NM and worked on WHO guidelines and national guidelines to combat NM. In 2014, in China and Morocco, 2020 was for the pulse oximetry test and CCHD, and positive percentage for detecting serious diseases in China and Morocco, was (2.7%, 0.18%). In 2020, in North African countries around a gap analysis of SDGs 3 and 4/5 related to reducing the NMR. In 2020, 18 countries, progress was made towards national plans for neonatal health with the highest burden of NM. In 2014-2022, the correlation between health spending and NMR in the Middle East, those upper-middle-income countries recorded the highest rate of decline.

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