Journal ID : CJOHNS-03-10-2023-11407
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 07]

Title : Interpretation of Chinese Guideline on Allergen Immunotherapy for Allergic Rhinitis: The 2022 Update

Abstract :

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated inflammatory disease of the upper airway. AR affects the patients’ quality of life, is a known risk factor for asthma and a socio-economic burden. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT), comprising sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) and subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), involves administering increasing doses of the causative allergen to induce clinical and immunologic tolerance to the allergens. It is the only currently available treatment for AR that has been proven to induce disease-modifying effects (i.e., long-term remission of allergic symptoms or potential prevention of asthma and new sensitizations). Although AIT is conventionally recommended for patients who are non-responsive to symptom-relieving pharmacotherapy, it is presently recommended as a first-line treatment for patients with moderate to severe AR who prefer a treatment with the potential for long-term remission. In light of the relatively recent implementation of AIT in Malaysia, guidelines on its appropriate indication and application are important to attain optimal outcomes. This consensus statement was developed by an expert group formed by the Malaysian Society of Allergy and Immunology to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practice of AIT in Malaysia. Patient and product selection, choice of AIT, and strategy towards an effective treatment outcome in AIT are presented.

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