Journal ID : CJOHNS-28-05-2024-11451
[This article belongs to Volume - 55, Issue - 06]

Title : ROLE OF BONE MARROW EXAMINATION IN THE EVALUATION OF INFECTIONS: CLINICO-HEMATOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF MULTI-SETTING STUDY

Abstract :

The present study aimed to gain a greater knowledge of the role of bone marrow examination in the diagnosis of various infections. This investigation was conducted prospectively in multiple settings in Pakistan and at the Department of Pathology in Saudi Arabia. It was carried out from January 2023 to January 2024, duration of one year. At the presentation, thorough demographics, clinical examination, haematological examination, and bone marrow examination were used as parameters. It was done utilizing descriptive statistics to perform clinical-hematological parameters. Study participants were divided into six age groups. There were 32.2% participants were belonging to Group-II following Group-III (24.4%). There were 90 patients in the research. In 48% of cases, a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy had been carried out; in 52% of cases, just aspiration had been done. The most frequent clinical presentation, observed in 53.4% of instances after abdominal pain was detected in 15.5% of cases, was fever. Splenomegaly was the most often observed pathologically acquiring, occurring in 32.2% of the patients. In 13.3% of the cases, the HIV antigen was found to be positive, and in 5.5% of the instances, the widal test was positive. Anaemia was the most often observed result on peripheral smear examination, occurring in 37.7% of the patients. An essential diagnostic method for determining the etiology of infectious diseases is bone marrow testing. Furthermore, it is crucial if a prompt diagnosis is needed or if other diagnostic techniques have failed to identify the cause of pyrexia of unknown regions.

Full article